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Transportation Infrastructure of Republic of Armenia


The Republic of Armenia is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia became independent. It is a member of CIS countries. The capital city is Yerevan. Other big cities are Gyumri, Vanadzor, Echmiatsin, Alaverdi, Kapan, Abovyan. Total population of the Republic of Armenia is 3.2 million.

The Republic of Armenia shares borders with Turkey and Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan) on the West, Iran on the south, Georgia on the north and Azerbaijan on the East. The main territory of the Republic of Armenia is situated in the mountainous region and is 29.000 sq km (it is of the same size as Latvia and Denmark). 

The total length of the roads is 7,700 km, out of which

- Main roads and highways (interstate) 1,560 km

- Intercity roads 1,840 km

- Local roads 4,300 km

Currently, borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed, (with Azerbaijan since 1990, with Turkey since 1993). Armenia is connected to other neighbors by land with the following main transportation roads:

1.     Northern highway towards Georgia with three customs’ points: Bagratashen, Bavra and Gogavan, (on Armenian side).

                The cargo that is exported and imported to Armenia by the Northern highway passes mainly through

                Bargratashen and Sadakhlo (Georgian side) custom’s point.

                The distance of Yerevan – Baghratashen road is 220 km.

               2.  Southern highway towards Iran with Agarak – Nordus (Iranian side) custom’s point.

                      The distance of Yerevan – Agarak road is 385 km.

         The Republic of Armenia has railway transportation with all its neighbors. In the past the cargo was transported by railway to Iran and Azerbaijan through Nakhijevan, to Turkey through Gyumri and to Russia through Georgia and Abkhazia. This means that Armenia was considered to be a railway crossroad for its neighboring countries. Currently the only functioning part of the railway transportation from the above mentioned directions is Yerevan – Ayrum (Armenian soil) direction.

The total length of railway passing through the Republic of Armenia is 1,120 km, out of which 850 km is under the supervision of the South – Caucasus Railway CJSC. Currently, the functioning interstate part of the railway is Yerevan – Ayrum direction which is 310km.

The railway transportation to and from Armenia is being carried out in the following way:
The train leaves from Yerevan and passes Ayrum custom’s point and reaches to Poti and Batumi (Georgian ports) situated at the coast of Black Sea. Here the train gets on the ferry and arrives in Russia through Russian Caucuses port and joins the Russian railway. For the directions to Ukraine and Europe, the trains get on the ferry at Poti and Batumi ports and get to Ilichovsk port (Ukraine).